Linux – CentOS to CentOS Stream

測試環境為 CentOS 8 x86_64 (虛擬機)

目前正在使用的 CentOS Linux 8 End Of Life (EOL) 為 December 31st, 2021,想要繼續更新 CentOS8 方式有 2 種.

[root@localhost ~]# yum update
CentOS-8 - AppStream 70 B/s | 38 B 00:00
Error: Failed to download metadata for repo 'AppStream': Cannot prepare internal mirrorlist: No URLs in mirrorlist

CentOS repo

主要是修改 Repo 的地方到 vault.centos.org

[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i 's/mirrorlist/#mirrorlist/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-*
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i 's|#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org|baseurl=http://vault.centos.org|g' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-*

這樣就可以繼續更新了,但這個也沒再更新了,只是不會出現錯誤,建議使用下面方式改成 CentOS Stream 版本.

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum update -y

CentOS Stream

原先 CentOS 是 RHEL 釋出後的開源版本

Fedora -> RHEL -> CentOS

但如今規則改變了 CentOS Stream 成為 RHEL 釋出前的開源版本.

Fedora -> CentOS Stream -> RHEL

[root@localhost ~]# dnf install centos-release-stream -y --allowerasing
[root@localhost ~]# dnf distro-sync -y

或是

[root@localhost ~]# dnf --disablerepo '*' --enablerepo extras swap centos-linux-repos centos-stream-repos
[root@localhost ~]# dnf distro-sync

已經變成 CentOS Stream 版本了.

[root@localhost ~]# more /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Stream release 8

遇到的錯誤

[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# dnf distro-sync -y
CentOS-Stream - AppStream                                                               807 kB/s |  22 MB     00:27
CentOS-Stream - Base                                                                    514 kB/s |  22 MB     00:43
CentOS-Stream - Extras                                                                  9.8 kB/s |  18 kB     00:01
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:01 ago on Wed 11 May 2022 07:30:59 PM PDT.
Error:
 Problem 1: package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-3.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-6.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
 Problem 2: problem with installed package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch requires centos-stream-repos, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-4.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-4.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-3.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-4.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-6.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-6.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-6.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-linux-release-8.5-1.2111.el8.noarch
(try to add '--allowerasing' to command line to replace conflicting packages or '--skip-broken' to skip uninstallable packages or '--nobest' to use not only best candidate packages)
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum update -y
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:16 ago on Wed 11 May 2022 07:30:59 PM PDT.
Error:
 Problem 1: package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-3.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-6.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
 Problem 2: problem with installed package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch requires centos-stream-repos, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-4.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-4.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-3.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-4.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-6.el8.noarch requires centos-gpg-keys = 1:8-6.el8, but none of the providers can be installed
  - cannot install both centos-gpg-keys-1:8-6.el8.noarch and centos-gpg-keys-1:8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-linux-release-8.5-1.2111.el8.noarch
(try to add '--allowerasing' to command line to replace conflicting packages or '--skip-broken' to skip uninstallable packages or '--nobest' to use not only best candidate packages)
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# ll
total 88
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  721 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  706 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1132 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-ContinuousRelease.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  318 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Debuginfo.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  734 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Devel.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  706 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  721 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-FastTrack.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  742 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-HighAvailability.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  693 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Media.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  708 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  726 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1124 May 11 19:13 CentOS-Linux-Sources.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  725 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-AppStream.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  706 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Base.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  796 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-centosplus.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  666 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Debuginfo.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  750 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Extras.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  932 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Media.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  730 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-PowerTools.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1374 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Sources.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   74 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Vault.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  358 May 11 19:29 redhat.repo

把非 CentOS-Stream 搬移.

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mkdir centos
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mv CentOS-Linux-* centos/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# ll
total 44
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 May 11 19:34 centos
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  725 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-AppStream.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  706 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Base.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  796 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-centosplus.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  666 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Debuginfo.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  750 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Extras.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  932 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Media.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  730 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-PowerTools.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1374 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Sources.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   74 Dec 19  2019 CentOS-Stream-Vault.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  358 May 11 19:29 redhat.repo
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# dnf install centos-release-stream -y --allowerasing
Last metadata expiration check: 0:03:25 ago on Wed 11 May 2022 07:30:59 PM PDT.
Package centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64 is already installed.
Dependencies resolved.
========================================================================================================================
 Package                              Architecture          Version                  Repository                    Size
========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 centos-stream-release                noarch                8.6-1.el8                Stream-BaseOS                 22 k
     replacing  centos-linux-release.noarch 8.5-1.2111.el8
     replacing  centos-release-stream.x86_64 8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8
Installing dependencies:
 centos-stream-repos                  noarch                8-3.el8                  Stream-BaseOS                 19 k
Removing dependent packages:
 centos-linux-repos                   noarch                8-3.el8                  @baseos                       26 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages
Remove   1 Package

Total download size: 42 k
Downloading Packages:
(1/2): centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch.rpm                                            52 kB/s |  19 kB     00:00
(2/2): centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch.rpm                                        59 kB/s |  22 kB     00:00
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                    47 kB/s |  42 kB     00:00
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                                1/1
  Running scriptlet: centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                             1/1
  Installing       : centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                             1/5
  Installing       : centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch                                                         2/5
  Obsoleting       : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64                                                3/5
  Obsoleting       : centos-linux-release-8.5-1.2111.el8.noarch                                                     4/5
  Erasing          : centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                              5/5
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Sources.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Media.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-HighAvailability.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-FastTrack.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Devel.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Debuginfo.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-ContinuousRelease.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory
warning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo: remove failed: No such file or directory

  Running scriptlet: centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                              5/5
  Verifying        : centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch                                                         1/5
  Verifying        : centos-linux-release-8.5-1.2111.el8.noarch                                                     2/5
  Verifying        : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64                                                3/5
  Verifying        : centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                             4/5
  Verifying        : centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch                                                              5/5
Installed products updated.

Installed:
  centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch                       centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
Removed:
  centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch

Complete!
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# more /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Stream release 8

就可以更新了.

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# dnf distro-sync -y
沒有解決問題,試試搜尋本站其他內容

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。 必填欄位標示為 *

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步了解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料