APC PDU – AP89XX

PDU (Power Distribution Unit) 機櫃式電源分配器.
我參考了使用手冊 MLAN-9F8QVU_R7_EN.pdf,該文件有 172 頁,整理一下怎麼快速入門使用它.

首先須將序列埠與網路先連接上.

  • RJ-12 Serial Port(10) – 預設為 9600 bps, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, 以及 no flow control.
  • 10/100 Base-T Connector(11) – 預設為 DHCP.

要如何確認目前 PDU 的 IP ,可以透過以下的方式.

  1. PDU 顯示器(1)

    在選單選擇 Network / IPV4 Address (預設使用 DHCP 來獲取 IP),如果沒有可以透過 RJ-12 Serial Port 來檢查一下.
  2. RJ-12 Serial Port(10)
    預設的 super user 帳號,密碼為 apc , pac

    User Name : apc
    Password : xxx
    Schneider Electric                      Network Management Card AOS vx.x.x
    (c) Copyright 2018 All Rights Reserved RPDU 2g                      vx.x.x
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Name : xxxxxxxx                                    Date : 5/30/2018
    Contact : xxxxxxxxx                                Time : 5:58:30
    Location : xxxxxxxxxx                              User : Administrator
    Up Time : 0 Days, 21 Hours, 21 Minutes             Stat : P+ N4+ N6+ A+
    
    Type ? For command listing
    Use tcpip for IP address (-i), subnet (-s), and gateway (-g)
    
    apc> tcpip
    E000: Success
    
    Active IPv4 Settings
    ---------------------
      Active IP Address: 172.16.0.96
      Active Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
      Active Gateway: 172.16.0.254
    
    Manually Configured IPv4 Settings
    ---------------------------------
    
      IPv4: enabled
      Manual Settings: disabled
    
      IP Address:  0.0.0.0
      Subnet Mask:  0.0.0.0
      Gateway:  0.0.0.0
      MAC Address: XX XX XX XX XX XX
      Domain Name: example.com
      Host Name: HostName
    

可以修改成為設定固定 (Static) IP ,設定好需要重啟 PDU (指令 Bye) 才會生效.

apc> tcpip -i 172.16.0.6
E002: Success
Reboot required for change to take effect.

*Reboot required for change to take effect.
apc> tcpip -s 255.255.255.0
E002: Success
Reboot required for change to take effect.

*Reboot required for change to take effect.
apc> tcpip -g 172.16.0.254
E002: Success
Reboot required for change to take effect.

*Reboot required for change to take effect.
apc>exit

Bye.
User Name : apc
Password : xxx
Schneider Electric                      Network Management Card AOS vx.x.x
(c) Copyright 2018 All Rights Reserved RPDU 2g                      vx.x.x
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name : xxxxxxxx                                    Date : 5/30/2018
Contact : xxxxxxxxx                                Time : 5:58:30
Location : xxxxxxxxxx                              User : Administrator
Up Time : 0 Days,  0 Hours, 2  Minutes             Stat : P+ N4+ N6+ A+

Type ? For command listing
Use tcpip for IP address (-i), subnet (-s), and gateway (-g)

apc> tcpip
E000: Success

Active IPv4 Settings
---------------------
  Active IP Address: 172.16.0.6
  Active Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
  Active Gateway: 172.16.0.254

Manually Configured IPv4 Settings
---------------------------------

  IPv4: enabled
  Manual Settings: enabled

  IP Address:  172.16.0.6
  Subnet Mask:  255.255.255.0
  Gateway:  172.16.0.254
  MAC Address: XX XX XX XX XX XX
  Domain Name: example.com
  Host Name: HostName

可以利用 ping 來確認使否跟網路其他 IP 互通.

apc> ping 172.16.0.2
Replay from 172.16.0.2: time(ms)= <10
Replay from 172.16.0.2: time(ms)= <10
Replay from 172.16.0.2: time(ms)= <10
Replay from 172.16.0.2: time(ms)= <10

IP 確認後就可以透過 web 的方式來檢視 APC 狀態,http 預設是開啟的,可以在 CLI (Command Line) 下可用指令 web 來確認.

apc> web
E000: Success
HttP: enabled
Https: disabled
Http Port: 80
Https Port: 443
Minimum Protocol: TLS1.1

或是透過 telnet(開啟) 或是 SSH(關閉) ,需要透過 console 指令來設定

apc> console
E000: Success
Telnet: enabled
SSH: disabled
Telnet Port: 23
SSH Port: 22
Baud Rate: 9600

可以把 SSH 連線功能打開,PDU 需重新開機才會生效.

apc> console -s enable
E002: Success
Reboot required for change to take effect.

*Reboot required for change to take effect.
apc>exit

怎麼透過遠端將連接到 APC PDU 機櫃式電源分配器的伺服器關閉(立即或是延遲)呢!可以透過下面幾種方式.

  • RJ-12 Serial Port Port , Telnet , SSH
    與電源相關指令,有分 立即或是延遲 兩種
    立即

    • olOn – Turn on an outlet or group of outlets without any delay.
    • olOff – Turn off an outlet or group of outlets without any delay.
    • olReboot – Cycle power to an outlet or group of outlets without any delays.

    延遲
    須先設定延遲 (Delay) 時間.

    • olOffDelay – Set or view the time delay for the Off Delayed command
    • olOnDelay – Set or view the time delay for the On Delayed command

    設定完延遲時間後,下面的指令會依據指定的時間來開關機.

    • olDlyOff – Turns off an outlet or group of outlets after the Power Off Delay
    • olDlyOn – Turns on an outlet or group of outlets after the Power On Delay
    • olDlyReboot – Cycles power to an outlet or a group of outlets. The specified outlets will be turned off based on the configured Power Off Delay (指令 olOffDelay). After the longest Reboot Duration of the selected outlets, the outlets will then begin to turn on based on the configured Power On Delays (指令 olOnDelay) set for the specified outlets.

    更多指令參考請搜尋 MLAN-9F8QVU_R7_EN.pdf 說明.

  • 10/100 Base-T Connector (Web)
    透過 Web 介面在 Control / RPDU / Outlet ,就可以針對不同的 Outlet 來開關機.
  • 10/100 Base-T Connector(SNMP)
    APC 有支援 SNMP ,至於要怎麼透過 SNMP 控制 PDU ,可以先了解一下什麼是 SNMP – http://benjr.tw/8266預設 SNMP 唯讀 (Read) community (功能類似 user id 或是 password 之類的意思) 為 public,可供讀寫 (read/write) community 為 private .
    APC 的 OIDs 定義如下.

     
    iso(1).org(3).dod(6).internet(1).private(4).enterprises(1).apc(318).products(1).hardware(1).rPDU2(26)
    

    飯粒請參考 – https://www.apc.com/us/en/faqs/FA156179/

    可以透過 指令 snmpwalk 做查詢,後面接的字串可以是不完整的,如果是空的會透過 GETNEXT 把設備上的資訊一一輪詢出來.

    [root@localhost ~]# snmpwalk -Of -v 2c -c public 192.168.95.137
    

    參數說明:

    • -Os : 顯示方式(Output) MIB object name (plus any instance 或 other subidentifiers),其它方式請 man snmpcmd 查詢.或是
      • -Of : Include the full list of MIB objects.
      • -On : Displays the OID numerically.
    • -v: SNMP 版本,從 1 , 2c 到 3.
    • -c community : SNMPv1/v2c 傳輸時需要設定 community string (類似 user id 或是 password 之類的意思) , 很多設備預設為 public.
  • fence_apc
    網友 Terry 建議可以使用 Linux 下的指令 fence_apc.

    [root@localhost ~]# yum install fence-agents-apc
    

    檢視 APC PDU 目前狀態.

    [root@localhost ~]# fence_apc -a 172.16.0.6 -l apc -p apc -o list-status | sort
    10,Outlet 10,Off
    11,Outlet 11,Off
    12,Outlet 12,On
    13,Outlet 13,On
    14,Outlet 14,On
    15,Outlet 15,On
    16,Outlet 16,On
    17,Outlet 17,On
    18,Outlet 18,On
    19,Outlet 19,On
    1,Outlet 1,On
    20,Outlet 20,On
    21,Outlet 21,On
    22,Outlet 22,On
    23,Outlet 23,On
    24,Outlet 24,On
    2,Outlet 2,On
    3,Outlet 3,On
    4,Outlet 4,On
    5,Outlet 5,On
    6,Outlet 6,On
    7,Outlet 7,On
    8,Outlet 8,On
    9,Outlet 9,On
    

    參數:

    • -a, –ip=<ip>
      IP Address or Hostname This parameter is always required.
    • -l, –username=<name>
      Login Name This parameter is always required.
    • -p, –password=<password>
      Login password or passphrase
    • -o, –action=<action>
      Fencing Action (Default Value: reboot),可用控制指令 on , off , reoot , status , list ,list-status , monitor , metadata , manpage , validate-all ,詳細說請使用 #man fence_apc

    如果是要針對單一埠來操作,可以透過參數 -n .

    [root@localhost ~]# fence_apc -a 172.16.0.6 -l apc -p apc -n 1 -o status 
    Status: ON
    
    • -n, –plug=<id>
      Physical plug number or name of virtual machine This parameter is always required.

詳細使用請參考 – http://www.serverspace.co.uk/blog/using-snmp-control-remote-apc-pdus
部分 APC OID 資料 – http://www.apc.com/us/en/faqs/FA156179/

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2 thoughts on “APC PDU – AP89XX

  1. CentOS 可以用這個套件 fence-agents-apc.x86_64 遠端控制APC PDU 插座
    # fence_apc -a $PDU_IP -l apc -p apc -n $PDU_PLUG -o on
    # fence_apc -a $PDU_IP -l apc -p apc -n $PDU_PLUG -o off
    # fence_apc -a $PDU_IP -l apc -p apc -n $PDU_PLUG -o status
    以上提供大家參考

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